The Māori language (te reo) is an official language in New Zealand. Before you panic, we all speak English. Phew, huh? Hold on a sec, there's more. The problem for a visitor is that Māori words feature quite prominently throughout New Zealand. More importantly, the words aren't pronounced as they appear.
You are likely to be greeted in Māori. A lot of streets have māori names, as do lakes, rivers, mountains, cities etc. Quite simply, you're going to come across the language everywhere.
So what does that mean for you? Making an effort as a visitor to learn basic words, phrases and pronunciation will make it easier for you to get around, especially if you have to ask for directions and don't have a map on you.
You will find that local people will love that you are trying, even if there is a little snigger on the side.
A lot of Europeans -including local ones - have trouble getting their tongues around the language as do a lot of Māori.
I didn't have much to do with the culture and language growing up and I think that's mainly to do with the fact that my Māori father was from up North - meaning his tribal affiliations were there rather than Rotorua which is where I was born.
When he was growing up in the 1930s he was punished for speaking the language in school. True! I don't know whether European teachers were trying to wipe out the heathen ways of the indigenous culture or what.
As a consequence it's like a whole generation shut down around the language. Dad didn't speak the language with my brothers and I so we missed out learning about our native heritage.
training to become a museum guide at the Rotorua Museum, I found out just how well
I don't pronounce the words properly. It's been back to the
classroom for me. Talk about tongue-twisters!
The video below will help with
pronunciation. New Zealand's How to Dad began making videos about
'Dadding' which went viral and now he's a New Zealand Ambassador (I
don't know if it's for real or not) on different things about New
Zealand. This is a light-hearted way of getting a grip on the pronunciation
but very effective I'd say.
You will see in the following table that there are two rows with the five vowels. The third row of vowels has a macron on top of the letters. This indicates a longer vowel length. The rows with the words below each vowel are how the vowels are pronounced.
Depending on the length of the vowel, similarly spelt words will have different meanings. Here is an example; keke means cake and kēkē means armpit or loan and kekē means to creak. It would be funny getting them mixed up wouldn't it?
A lot of words have two vowels
together: ai, au, ao, ui, ua, oa, ia, ea. Practise by separating
initially eg. a i, a i, until you can run them together.
Consonants are pronounced much the same as in English with a few differences.
r - is not rolled but is pronounced quite close to the 'l' in English. The tongue is in the same place as, for example, when you say 'lollies'. This is the one I have a problem with.
p - is usually softer than it is in English.
t - is pronounced more like a 'd' with the tip of the tongue slightly further back from the teeth.
wh - is used as a consonant. It is commonly pronounced as an 'f' although in some areas you may hear it said a bit differently such as the 'wh' in 'when'
ng - this is a fun one that is also used as a
consonant. It is pronounced like the 'ng' in the word 'singer'. Not like
the 'ng' in 'finger'.
Break the words up into syllables and say them slowly at first, getting faster and faster as you get better.
A syllable in the Māori language is either a vowel on its own or a consonant followed by a vowel - and don't forget, 'wh' and 'ng' are counted as single consonants. Try these.
Aotearoa - a-o-te-a-ro-a
Whangarei - wha-nga-rei
Whakarewarewa - wha-ka-re-wa-re-wa
If you want to make use of a Māori language dictionary you will find a particularly good one here at the Te Aka Māori Dictionary website.
As a free resource it is a work in progress with a number of features:
Now that you have an idea about Māori language pronunciation go to my page of Māori Words.
Here you will find words and phrases you are likely to come across on a visit to Rotorua and also throughout New Zealand. It will open in a new window so you can still refer to this page as a guide to the pronunciation.